This kind of Art is in particular to be found in the hand made books of the Middel Ages. The best known illustrations are in the bibles and publications of courtly literature. Also in the jewish and arabic-muslim culture area there is a long tradition of book illustration in spite of the prohibition of images.
This implies the representation of constructional objects (houses, squares, bridges etc.) for their own sake, thus serving not only as staffage, background, or as attribute. There were architecture pictures already in ancient Pompeji. In Middle Ages depicted constructions just indicate a certain scene. The actual architecture picture arises in the 16th century in Netherlands(f. e. “Brueghel's Tower of Babel”). Dutch artists prevailed here up until the 17th century, and were followed by Italian artists in the 18th century. In modern times the representation of architecture has become a domain of photographers.