Art style of the late 19th century. Like realism it depicts only the visible reality. The artist strictly follows the natural model without any intention to interprete. Reality is shown lifelike without any idealization. Thus also motifs from ordinary people's life or from the working world belong to the popular themes of naturalism.
This is a special form of the landscape painting. It contains the presentation of sea and coast. These pictures show ships, ports, sea battles, icebergs as well as coastal motifs like strands, beach chairs or breakwaters. Also animal pictures can be found in this category.